About Woven Fabrics | Texhour

Weaving is the oldest & most widely used method of fabric construction. It is made with two or more sets of yarns interlaced at right angles to each other on a machine called a Loom.

About Woven Fabrics | Texhour
About Woven Fabrics

 

About Woven Fabrics

• Weaving is the oldest & most widely used method of fabric construction. It is made with two or more sets of yarns interlaced at right angles to each other on a machine called a Loom.

• Yarns in lengthwise direction i.e. from the back to the front of the loom, are called warp, or reeds, or ends; while yarns in crosswise direction are called weft, or filling, or picks. It is the Warp which always decides the structure of the fabric.

• Ends per inch (EPI or e.p.i.) is the number of warp threads per inch of woven fabric.

• Picks per inch/Inch (or p.p.i.) is the number of weft threads per inch of woven fabric.

• Fabric weight is measured in grams per square meter (gsm), or in ounces per sq yard.

 

Balance:

Ratio of warp yarns to filling yarns in a fabric.

 

Balanced fabric:

Will have a ratio of warp to weft yarns as 1:1.

E.g. Fabric count of a balanced fabric: 78 X 78 or 64 X 60. This fabric is more durable.

 

Unbalanced fabric:

Will have a ratio of warp to weft yarns as 2:1.

E.g. Fabric count of an unbalanced fabric: 144 X 76 or 100 X 60. It will exhibit a rib-like structure.

 

Fabric count or thread count:

The number of warp & weft yarns per square inch. Obtained by adding the epi and the PPI

Eg 156 (80 epi + 76 ppi) denotes closeness or compactness of fabric. Do not confuse this count with yarn count!