About Knitted Fabrics | Texhour

Knitted fabrics are lightweight, wrinkle resistant, stretchable and snug fitting – and are integral to the sportswear, casual wear and underwear industries. Knitted apparel will fit the figure but will not bind it.

About Knitted Fabrics | Texhour
About Knitted Fabrics

 

Knitted Fabrics

Knitted fabrics are lightweight, wrinkle resistant, stretchable and snug fitting – and are integral to the sportswear, casual wear and underwear industries. Knitted apparel will fit the figure but will not bind it.

Knit formation:

Yarns are formed into loops which are then pulled through other loops to form a fabric. The loops of yarn in knit fabrics act as hinges, giving the fabric more flexibility, less stiffness and more stretch and recovery than is possible with woven fabrics.

 

There are two types of knitting:

1. Weft knitting  

  1. Single Jersey

  2. Purl

  3. Rib

  4. Interlock

2. Warp knitting

  1. Tricot

  2. Raschel

Types of Knitting

Weft knitting Warp knitting
The yarns fed into the machine form loops across the width of the fabric. The yarns fed into the machine form loops along the fabric in a lengthwise direction.
It tends to have more width‐wise stretch It tends to have more length‐wise stretch.

 

Knitted fabrics shrink and torque considerably more than woven fabrics. Also, if one of the loops breaks, a hole is made and it starts a run.

• Woven fabrics are formed from straight yarns which are interlaced over and under one another and therefore lack the stretch that loops give to a knitted fabric.

• A woven fabric can be stretched only diagonally, while a knitted fabric can be stretched in all directions.

• At the same time, knit fabrics are not as stable as woven fabrics, and tend to lose their shape more easily.